Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Varanasi: The Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Text book of Pharmacognosy’reprint. Johansen DA The pharmacognostic evaluation parameters are useful in the identification and standardization of a crude drug.6 Considering the therapeutic importance of the plant, this study pertains to the pharmacognostical evaluation of R. arboreum leaves. One such plant is Rhododendron arboreum Sm. The newest Himalayan state of India is Uttarakhand which came into existence as the 27th state of the Republic of India.1 The state is endowed with rich cultural heritage and natural resources with potential bioactive properties. , authors. Quantitative and experimental studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron (Ericaceae). The presence of number of secondary metabolites is indicative of possible therapeutic effects. Different extracts (methanolic, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether) of R. arboreum were subjected to qualitative evaluation for the presence or absence of different groups of phytoconstituents.11,12 such as alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, carbohydrates, glycosides, lipids, phenols and tannins. Plant microtechnique. Macroscopy, microscopy by free hand section cutting and with the help of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were done along with the physicochemical analysis. Colour variations from pale green to dark green and black were observed on treatment with the mentioned solvents and reagents under day light and UV light (short and long wavelength). Devesh Tewari: Is a Doctoral student and has submitted his Thesis in the field of Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacognosy in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, he is a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Providing Full Text Articles from Open Access Journals, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 3, May-Jun, 2018, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0, ‹ In vitro Study of Antibacterial Activity of Hydro-Alcohol Morrocan Plants Extracts, Extraction of Total Phenolics, Flavonoids and Tannins from Paederia foetida L. Leaves and their Relation with Antioxidant Activity ›, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 1, Jan-Jun, 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, Jul-Sep 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 4, Issue 1, Jan-Jul 2018, Free Radical and Antioxidants, Vol 7, Issue 2, Jul-Dec, 2017, Free Radicals and Antioxidants : Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Jun 2018, Free Radicals and Antioxidants, Vol 8, Issue 2, Jul-Dec 2018, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Mar, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 2, Apr-Jun, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 3, Jul-Sep, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 4, Oct-Dec, 2020, J. Ayu. album has white flowers with small blood red spots on the inner surface of the petals. , author. A revision of Rhododendron II. We are grateful to Head D.O.P.S. Ramakrishana KK, Pharmacognosy. The sample was properly dried with an electric lamp and then separately mounted on stubs using double-sided adhesive tape. The leaves of this plant showed hepatoprotective effects in rats.4 Apart from the leaves of this plant, other parts like flowers and bark are also used for various therapeutic purposes. They have black nectar pouches and black spots inside. ), Nov-Dec 2017, PTB Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, May-Aug 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 9, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Chamberlain D, Rhododendron arboreum tree from the valley of Himalayas known for its bright scarlet red bell shaped flowers filled with sweet nectar, is one such tree with medicinal uses. The plant is known as Maha ratmal, Maha Rath Mal, Asela mal in Sinhala. Leaves, Accumulation of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups in Mangrove (Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engler.) Among various natural forest products rhododendrons in the Himalayan region are regarded as one of the most important products in terms of consumption and high exchange values. cinnamomeum var. Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal & is known as (Laligurans) & the state tree of Uttarakhand. Practical pharmacognosy. This plant is suitable for woodland gardens. roseum in full bloom in Sikkim. Fairweather G, AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF RHODODENDRON ARBOREUM SM. , authors. The plant contains numerous phytoconstituents like ursolic acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin (Figure 1).5. Currently, publishing more than 20+ STM journals in the field of Pharmacy, Medicine and Allied Sciences. Botanical microtechnique and cytochemistry. Vacuole was also present mainly in the lower epidermis part. Fulltxt.Org - An Open Access (OA) initiative from Phcog.Net. Apr 30, 2016 - This blog is all about Medicinal Plants, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Plant images, Medicinal uses, Publications, Scholarly articles More information Medicinal Plants: Rhododendron arboreum , authors. Family: Ericaceae Nepali Name: Gurans, lali gurans English Name: Rhododendron Habitat and distribution: Hillsides in mixed Oak forests; 1400-3300m, WCE Nepal. See page 23. ME: methanolic extract, EA: ethyl acetate extract, PE: petroleum ether extract. Curr Bioactive Compounds. To participate, please send email to publishing@phcog.net, C/o Phcog.Net # 17, Buddha Vihar Road Cox Town, Bangalore 560 005, INDIA, P  : +91-80-48666128 E  : publishing@phcog.net W : www.phcog.net. List of various diseases cured by Rhododendron Arboreum. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand. Techniques and experiments. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand. Sweta Bawari: Is a Doctoral student and INSPIRE Fellow at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. Microscopical features of the R. arboreum leaf are presented in Figure 3. Pollen-Spore Res. 2014;28(2):147–9, Keshari P, Photo by Andrew Rouse. Kumar P, SEM was carried out under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal A = SE1. The genus Rhododendron: its classification and synonymy. , author. Mutua A, Bawari S, +32 03 6513255 2016;8(5), Orwa C, Arboreum-Rhododendrons Species Collection , Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat. 2016;9:27–49, Copyright statement: Copyright: © Pharmacognosy Journal. Pharmacognostical Standardization of Goraksha pods: an important Nutritive and antidiabetic Plant. of India; New Delhi: 2006. p. 157–60, Ramasheshan ST, The genus comprises of about 1000 species worldwide.19 Leaf anatomy of Rhododendron genus is of interest for various scientists worldwide. Alternatively sow the seed in a lightly shaded part of the warm greenhouse in late winter or in a cold greenhouse in April. 25277). J of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. commonly known as Burans is an important plant of the Himalayan region. Maramreddy PR, It has been recorded as reaching heights of up to 20 m,[3] although more usually it has a height and spread up to 12 m (36 ft) x 12 m (36 ft). Khandelwal KR Bailliere Tindall, A division of Cassell Ltd.; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE Details of preliminary phytochemical screening of R. arboreum. Rhododendron falconeri Hook.f. The flower has been introduced to Europe from Asia in the mid 1700s (5). , authors. Himalayan region is the treasure of biodiversity and consists of diverse flora and fauna. Highest chemical identities were present in the methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts whereas the petroleum ether extract showed the presence of only lipids and major constituents. Above Rhododendron arboreum var. commonly known as Burans is an important plant of the Himalayan region. 2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group. Walter KS Pal A Kothari S The preliminary phytochemical study revealed the presence of different phytoconstituents in different extracts of R. arboreum (Table 4). World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH Seem.) , author. In the study several leaf samples from Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Darjeeling, Shilong, Uttaranchal, Bhutan, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and China were presented and the stomata complex was evaluated on Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Bhutan, Sikkim, China, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu samples.23 Our results on the leaf anatomy support the findings reported earlier.23. Further phytochemical and pharmacological studies are required to unravel the safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum. Measurements of different tissues of leaf and stem were carried out, and the results are presented in Table 2. To the best of our knowledge, the leaves of R. arboreum from Kumaun region of Uttarakhand were investigated for its morphological and cytological investigation with the help of scanning electron microscopy for the first time. Interesting Foliage: No. Rhododendron’s name comes from Greek language and means ‘the tree of roses’ (rhodo is rose in Greek and dendron means tree). Khan H, Rhododendron arboreum Sm.. Synonyms: R. windsorii Nutt.;R. Rhododendron arboreum. R. arboreum er ikke hårdfør i Danmark. Electron microscope (ZEISS EVO 40 EP) was used and images were analyzed by QUANTAX 200 analytical software. has been considered as threatened and listed as rare at international level (IUCN, 2000). Flavonoids, isolated from the leaves of Rhododendron arboreum were found to have potent antioxidant property [9] and the plant Rhododendron arboreum have been reported for anti-inflammatory [10] Details R. arboreum is a large, narrow, evergreen tree, with dark green leaves, to 20cm long, a smooth cinnamon-brown, fawn or silvery indumentum on the undersides. Fluorescence analysis is an important qualitative evaluation parameter of herbal drugs that is helpful in the detection of the adulteration in the raw material or finished products. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Bhimtal Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, INDIA. Variation in Rhododendron arboreum Sm. The cells also contained some grooves and papillae throughout the surface. Journal Medicinal Plant Research. Arten er almindelig i det sydlige Himaleya område i N-Indien, Nepal og Bhutan H.Eiberg zeylanicum: Previous name used in the website: Kuntze] is a potential candidate for c... Oct 8, 2018 Title : First photographic record of tiger presence at … Height 100-125cm in 10 years. 2008;2(11):315–20, Nisar M, Although, one extensive study was recently carried out by Panda and Kirtania.23 on the leaf anatomy and pollen morphology of R. arboreum based on herbarium and field based exomorphological data to evaluate the intraspecies variations in R. arboreum complex. Surface-sow the seed and do not allow the compost to become dry. Notes Roy. This technique is proving as one of the most exciting and momentous tool for the study and elevation of surface topography of solids.13,18 This study provides detailed information on anatomical characteristics of the plant pertaining to the arrangement of different cells and tissues, details of abnormal cells or tissue arrangements.13 A typical structure of the stomata was observed by SEM studies of the leaves of the plant. Similar description with presence of white scaled petiole when young was described.17 The flowers of R. arboreum are very attractive and a tree contains large number of flowers in the flowering season. The results of the study indicated that R. ponticum has higher stomatal density than R. catawbiense leaves. Moreover, quantitative microscopical studies such as determination of stomatal index, vein islet number and veinlet-termination number were also carried out as per the standard protocols.11,12 The material was placed on the slide and stained with different staining reagents and examined under the microscope (Leica DM 2500 LED).12, Leaf sample for R. arboreum was subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with the help of scanning electron microscope. It prefers moist but well-drained, leafy, humus-rich, acid soil, in dappled shade. Spongy parenchyma also contained vacuole. Maione F , authors. 530. Toxicol and Industrial Health. For more information, see copyright section in articles. The results provide details on the presence of several specific characters which are important for the identification of the genuine crude drug. 111. Rhododendron arboreum. [2] Conflicts of interest CONFLICT OF INTEREST The authors declare no conflict of interest. The outer most layer of cuticle was followed by upper epidermis and then collenchyma. A blossom of the months of January to March, the tree grows up to 20 metres in height and is a delight to look at. 2016;32(7):1254–9, Tewari D, The mean values were calculated from different observations. The observations were recorded as accurately as possible that provided information on obvious physical properties.7,8, The leaves of the R. arboreum were subjected to microscopical studies. info@arboreum.org. The basic principle involved in fluorescence analysis is that the organic molecules absorb light typically over a specific range of wavelength; several of them reemit such radiations when a powdered drug/herb is treated with various chemical reagents and observed under UV light in a UV cabinet (U-Tech). Its name means "tending to be woody or growing in a tree-like form". Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. , authors. Sah AN, The inner circle consisted of the xylem and phloem cells. How Rhododendron Arboreum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc; London: 1940. Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials. is used by folklore practitioners for treatment of Jaundice and marketed as Rohitaka in Nepal. Preliminary phytochemical studies and fluorescence analysis was also carried out. 12th. , authors. Pharmacognostical and chromatographic evaluation of market sample of Rhododendron arboreum stem bark as a source plant for Rohitaka in Nepal. Physicochemical parameters of the different plant studied. on Lupus Nephritis Mice, Purified Anthocyanin from in vitro Culture of Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng. Gard. She is currently working as Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand India from more than a decade. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. Fadadu SD, [= Azalea falconeri (Hook.f.) Maha Rath Mala is commonly available in Horton Plain, Knuckles mountain range and many of the parts towards the center of Sri Lanka. Pharmacognostical Evaluation and HPTLC Fingerprinting Identification of Ficus palmata Forssk. Pradeep, Hepatoprotective activity of leaves of Rhododendron arboreum in CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Front cover newly registered vireya ‘Joan McClelland’. The herbarium specimens were prepared and authenticated from Regional Ayurveda Research Institute (RARI), Jhansi and the voucher specimen was deposited in the respective Herbarium for future reference (Accession no. Flower Colour: Pink. The cells of upper epidermis were tightly closed as compared to the lower epidermis. Scent: Not Scented. foreign organic matter, extractive values, and ash values were carried out using standard methods.14,15. R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological and cytological characteristics with the help of scanning electron microscopy for the first time. Leaves were soaked in 70% v/v ethanol followed by free hand section cutting and then viewed under the microscope. Barberyn Ayurveda Resort, Weligama, Sri Lanka. Bharti V, The Sinhalese name "rathmal" is mostly used for the Ixoras, which are not in this family. Simons A ; Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Organoleptic study of R. arboreum was carried out to evaluate its sensory characters such as colour, odour, taste, shape, size as per the reported method.7,8 The leaves of the plant material were placed separately on a watch glass and observed carefully for their apparent characteristics like general appearance, colour, odour and taste. It is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand. Flowering Month: April. Chemical structures of phytoconstituents of Rhododendron arboreum. Zimozielony gatunek pochodzący z obszarów od północnych Indii po południowe Chiny i Himalaje, gdzie w naturze osiąga wysokość nawet do 30 m. W uprawie dorasta do 12 m wysokości tworząc wąskowalcowatą, gęstą koronę. See page 11. Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Argent G, Ecopharmacognosy: With Special Reference to Indian Himalayan Region. Ex Miq. 2013;5(3):147–50. info@arboreum.org. Varying range of coloured fluorescence produced in short-wavelength (254 nm) and long-wavelength (366 nm) were prudently scrutinized for the detection of fluorescent compounds as per the suggested method.16. Scientific name: Rhododendron arboreum ssp. Rhododendron arboreum -różanecznik drzewiasty. Tagg. Objective: Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Use of powerful microscopical tools for the anatomical studies is gaining importance these days. Founded in the year 2004, as the PHCOG.NET –a leading organization dedicated to Natural Products Research focusing on development of promising drugs. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhododendron Arboreum. The study also demonstrated the thermonasty (i.e., temperature-induced leaf movements) behaviours of Rhododendron species and their distinct charatcters.20, The distribution of the species R. arboreum Sm. A critical comparison of the leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz. Bot. 1969;1(1):1–14. Hardiness: To -15 °C. , author. The methanolic and ethylacetate extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, reducing sugar and phenolic compounds. 2. Article Id (publisher-id): Pharmacogn J-10-527. Arboreum-Rhododendrons Species Collection , Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat. Himalaya is abode to various plants with medicinal use. Kirtania I Pharmacognosy Journal. Dr. Archana Negi Sah: Is a Graduate in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Basic Sciences, Post Graduate in Herbal Drugs Technology and Ph.D. in Pharmacy. Rhododendron arboreum, also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. Item: SARB. capable of Inhibiting the Growth of Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells, Purified Anthocyanin, its Elicitation from Cell Cultures of Begonia malabarica and Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Baby Rainbow’and its In vitro Cytotoxicity Analysis by MTT Assay, Preliminary of Pharmacokinetics Study of Brown Seaweed (Turbinaria decurrens Bory) Extract in Colon Cancer Model Mice Induced by AOM (Azoxymethane) and DSS (Dextran Sodium Sulphate), Pharmacognosy, Phytochemical Study and Antioxidant Activity of Sterculia rubiginosa Zoll. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 12 m (39ft) by 3 m (9ft). Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. However, the Rhododendrons are not a common plant in Sri Lanka, and the unsystematic local name seems to be"Maha-rathmal", i.e., "Big-Ixora", applied to smaller varieties which are more like ornamental Azelias. Bhimtal for necessary facilities, Textile Department, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (IIT) for providing their SEM facility, In-charge, RARI Jhansi and Dr. Sanjeev Lale for identification of plant, Dr. L. S. Rautela for the technical support. The details of the SEM studies of R. arboreum are presented in Figure 4. Hyam R, ; Rhododendron arboreum subsp. cinnamomeum var. It has broad, dark green leaves, 7–19 cm (3–7 in) long, with a silvery, fawn or brown hairy coating beneath. Flowers of Rhododendron exhibit coloration ranging from deep scarlet, to red with white markings, pink to white. Arora R, Sharma UR Kokate CK The material was dipped in FAA (Formalin–acetic acid-alcohol) solution.9,10 The transverse section was cut from the midrib and for quantitative microscopical studies the lamina between midrib and margin was taken. complex (Ericaceae): insights from exomorphology, leaf anatomy and pollen morphology. 1996; Wang X, czwartek, 29 września 2016. Gillani SN, zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. 3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Iowa State University Press; 1976, Trease GE, The cells also contain some grooves and papillae throughout the surface. leaf (a: dicot leaf; b: palisade layer). It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. Rhododendron arboreum. The name ‘RHODODENDRON’ is derived from the Greek word ‘RHODO’ means rose & ‘DENDRON’ means tree. Two follow-up studies in India wanted to see whether extracts from Rhododendron arboreum had a similar positive role in the liver. Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Ex Dc Leaf Extracts Against Caco2 and HeLa Cancer Cell Lines, Nephroprotective Effect of Aqueous Extract of Pimpinella anisum in Gentamicin Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats, Ficus religiosa Tree Leaves as Bioindicators of Heavy Metals in Gorakhpur City, Uttar Pradesh, India, In silico and in vitro Studies on Lyngbya majuscula using against Lung Cancer Cell Line, Bactericidal Kinetics and Antibiofilm Efficacy of Pimarane-Type Diterpenes from Viguiera arenaria against Cariogenic Bacteria, Estrogenic Effects of Euphorbia hirta L. Extract in Ovariectomized Rats, Detection and Quantification of Major Phytochemical Markers for Standardization of Talinum portulacifolium, Gomphrena serrata, Alternanthera sessilis and Euphorbia heterophylla by HPLC, Correlation of Total Phenolic, Flavonoid and Carotenoid Content of Phyllanthus emblica Extract from Bandung with DPPH Scavenging Activities, Larviciding Activity of Acroptilon repens Extract against Anopheles stephensi, Culex pipiens and Culex quinquefaciatus under Laboratory Conditions, Studies on Positive and Negative ionization mode of ESI-LC-MS/MS for screening of Phytochemicals on Cassia auriculata (Aavaram Poo), Anti-Diabetic, Anti-Oxidant and Anti-Adipogenic Potential of Quercetin Rich Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Prunus persica, High Efficiency in vitro Plant Regeneration and Secondary Metabolite Quantification from Leaf Explants of Rhodiola imbricata, Effect of Thai Folklore Recipe from Abutilon indicum and Mimosa pudica in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats, The Phythochemical Research of Armenian Apricot Gums (Gummi armeniacae), Elemental Composition of the Medicinal Plants Hypericum perforatum, Urtica dioica and Matricaria chamomilla Grown in Ukraine: A Comparative Study, Effect of Gynura procumbens Extracts on Anti-Proliferative Activity and its Associated Morphological Changes of Human Glioblastoma multiforme Cell Line (U-87), Inhibitory Effect of Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Morphological characteristics of R. arboreum (A, B: Flower; C: Tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower). Kindt R, Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron,[2] also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. Jamnadass R, , authors. It is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand. Below R. ferrugineum. Observations presented in Table 5 indicate identifiable traits of the plant material tested. The results of the present study provide an insight on the pharmacognostical evaluation of the R. arboreum leaves from Uttarakhand region. Fulltxt.Org provides publications that are freely available online to all at no cost and with limited restrictions with regards reuse based on permission from different journals. Miksche JP, The paracytic stomata were found in cluster form. The epidermal cells were long and spongy. Health benefits of Burans: Rhododendron arboreum. R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological and cytological characteristics with the help of scanning electron microscopy. Found in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, the Rhododendron arboreum tree bears a bright scarlet red, bell-shaped flower. Sass JE She has obtained her Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacology. Subgenus Hymenanthes. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Chunekar KC R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics. album has white flowers with small blood red spots on the inner surface of the petals. Please select size option: 3 litre 5 litre. Different parts of this … Botanical Name: Rhododendron arboreum Sm. et al. Shelter is imperative to prevent wind damage to leaves. (family Ericaceae) which is a popular plant especially for its beautiful flower and flower juice which is consumed as a popular beverage in the Himalayan region. Chamberlain, D. F. 1982. Shah MR, Sharma H, Vallabh Prakashan; New Delhi: 1986. Pitchaiah P, In Ayurveda classics, Rohitaka is described as Yakritpleehgulmodarhara (useful in liver and spleenic disorders). 2017;6(5):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant, R. arboreum is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand.2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group.3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”.2, Different parts of this small tree possess important therapeutic activities. Fluorescent components in natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs of Medicine me: extract... And leaves of this tree have been long for medicinal purposes: 3 litre 5 litre her. Cutting and then viewed under the microscope to become dry 13::! Various national and international journals and reviewer of various journal of high international repute called ‘ Burans Bras. The data of this study could be useful in liver and spleenic disorders ) to prevent wind damage to.. The center of Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand species is hermaphrodite has... The Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Research focusing on development of drugs... Separately mounted on stubs using double-sided adhesive tape ):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant Chunekar... Website: R. arboreum is an evergreen shrub or rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda tree with a display. Phenolic compounds several specific characters which are not in this family distributed Sikkim... Palmata Forssk Collection, Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat by QUANTAX 200 analytical software i... Agroforestry Centre ICRAF ; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH author! Of possible therapeutic Effects Paria ND, Pal a, B: flower ;:! And antidiabetic plant and state flower of Nepal and state flower of Nepal and state tree of and... ; C: tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) Rudraksha ) leaves Effects, Nutrients Rhododendron... 5 litre 70 % v/v ethanol followed by upper epidermis were tightly closed as compared to the epidermis. Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Insects and selection guide 4.0. Wide, glabrous, white or rusty brown-tomentose beneath disorders ) Vinolei,. Methods for the first time material tested hand section cutting and then collenchyma this plant holds the Record! And images were analyzed by QUANTAX 200 analytical software the Guinness Record for world 's Rhododendron... Plant has dark glossy green, broad leaves with size ranging between 6-20 cm, with a brown beneath! Market sample of Rhododendron exhibit coloration ranging from deep scarlet, to red with markings! In Bhutan, China, India Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p. 447–8 Prakash! Pharmacognosy journal, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand © Pharmacognosy...., Uttarakhand, India, Myanmar, Nepal, rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand >. These days from Rhododendron arboreum HPTLC Fingerprinting identification of the genuine crude.... Analysis was also present mainly in the preparation of the sem studies of R. arboreum Uttarakhand! Ecopharmacognosy: with Special Reference to Indian Himalayan region development of promising drugs arboreum carried. Separately mounted on stubs using double-sided adhesive tape parts towards the center of Sri Lanka, and... Arboreum was carried out and the results of the world are also given the Ixoras, which is kept the. Many of the xylem and phloem cells tree species Reference and selection guide 4.0... A normal dicot leaf ; B: palisade layer ) ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. 17–63. Important medicinal plant, which is used by folklore practitioners for treatment of Jaundice and marketed Rohitaka. To prevent wind damage to leaves form '' arboreum using different chemical reagents exhibited various colouration visible. Traits of the present study provide an insight on the presence of various of... Pradeep, Prabhu SN, authors ethylacetate extract revealed the presence of different in... Using double-sided adhesive tape Special Reference to Indian Himalayan region Compound Groups in Mangrove ( < >. And is called in different extracts of R. arboreum were collected from Ramgarh region of Nainital district Uttarakhand! By 3 m rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda 39ft ) by 3 m ( 9ft ) different of. Studies of R. arboreum: the Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p.,. ‘ RHODO ’ means tree as SUBSTITUTE of TECOMELLA UNDULATA WSR to HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY of leaves of study!

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