7.7B). The fruit is an important oilseed source, especially in many developing countries, such as the Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, parts of West Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Swarnam, in Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, 2008. Coconut has many uses, including providing food and oil for millions and ornamental aesthetics (Rieger, 2006). The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. In the Caribbean, the total production of coconuts averaged just under 75,000 tons, coconuts being the second most produced commodity after sugarcane in Jamaica, which averages about 240,000 tons (FAOSTAT, 2014). Female flowers supported by broad bracteoles, sepals 3, petals 3, imbricate, ovary 3-celled but only one carpel develops into the fruit. They have been found in the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and South America for less than 500 years (the Caribbean native inhabitants do not have a dialect term for them, but use the Portuguese name), but evidence of their presence on the Pacific coast of South America antedates Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas. Also of note is that the Netherlands, Belgium and, to a lesser extent, Germany are significant exporters of desiccated coconuts. It has been traditionally used for its oil, and varied products from endosperm, nut water, tender nut water, husk, fibre and leaves. 4.2 out of 5 stars 3. FREE Shipping. It has generally been accepted that the coconut originated in the Indian–Indonesia region and float-distributed itself around the world by riding ocean currents. B.S. Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, 1753 - coconut palm in Florida, USA. Coconut production share (A) and growth rate by region (B). The coconut palm Cocos nucifera belongs to the palm family, one of the largest in the monocotyledon group. Jalani, ... S.C. Cheah, in Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences, 2003. Coconut, fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), a tree of the palm family (Arecaceae). The word coco is a 16th century Portuguese and Spanish word for “head” or “skull,” inspired by the three indentations on the coconut shell that resembles the face of a ghost. Introduction The coconut (Cocos nucifera) is a monotypic genus of palm tree cultivated primarily for its large edible nut. This part yields copra oil and an opalescent liquid coconut water, and fills three quarters of the large central cavity. It is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents. The tall variety of coconut is slow growing. They have smaller kernels but produce more bunches per year, and are more resistant to lethal yellowing disease caused by a phytoplasma as compared to the tall cultivars (Ohler, 1984; de Taffin, 1998). Dwarf Coconut Tree producing nuts close to the ground By Judgefloro [CC BY-SA 4.0] (Photo Credits) Fruit Trees > Tropical Fruit Trees > Dwarf Coconut. $57.95 $ 57. Thus the new name for the family Palmae became Arecaceae. However, it can also be argued that the placement of the vulnerable eye of the nut (down when floating) and the site of the coir ‘cushion’ are better positioned to ensure that the water-filled nut does not fracture when dropping on rocky ground, rather than for flotation. Coconut ‘milk,’ which is found in the unripe nut and is drunk or used in cooking, is the liquid form of the endosperm, which solidifies as the fruit ripens. Coconuts are grown in 80 countries: in the Asia–Pacific region, the east and west coasts of Africa and Central and South America. The coconut meat may be dried to produce copra, which is pressed to remove the coconut oil used widely as a food oil and in soap and cosmetic manufacture. During the period 2000–13, the Oceania region showed the greatest increase in production, with growth rates of 4.6%; this was followed by Asia at 1.5%, the Americas by 1.1%, and Africa by 0.7% (FAOSTAT, 2014). The dwarf variety bears fruit 1–2 years earlier, but gains a height of less than half that of the tall variety. Cocos nucifera is an evergreen tree belonging to the palm family coconuts, and its stem is thick and erect, up to 30m high. Approximately 6–8 months after fertilization, the endosperm begins to develop as a liquid composed of free nuclei and some cells. In terms of value of exports, countries from the far east remain among the largest exporters with Indonesia, Thailand, India, and Vietnam accounting for over US $200 million in exports in 2014 (Fig. The top five coconut exporting and importing countries in 2013 are shown in Fig. C. nucifera palms are unbranched, monoecious trees with smooth, columnar, light grey-brown trunk, usually 9-18 m height and sometimes taller (up to 30 m); dwarf selections also exist. As the fruit matures, the weights of the water and the solid endosperm (kernel) range between 21–449 g and 98–553 g, respectively (de Taffin, 1998). Indonesia, Philippines, India, and Sri Lanka are the major coconut-producing countries. There are many reviews and articles covering biotechnology applications in coconut palm [2–5]. Cocos Nucifera is a low maintenance palm in that it is self pruning. They are now almost ubiquitous between 26°N and 26°S except for the interiors of Africa and South America. Leaf emergence to shedding takes about 2.5–3 years. Female flowers which develop normally become very large, ranging from 0.5 to more than 2.5 kg. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is an important multipurpose perennial crop of the tropics. This includes several economically important plants such as Cocos nucifera (coconut), Elaeis guineensis (African oil palm), Attalea cohune (babacu), Arecanut (Areca catechu) and Bactris gasipaes (peach palm). Fruit development from anthesis to maturity takes approximately 12 months, varying with coconut type and cultivar. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781893997981000099, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0122270509002064, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1572437997801005, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123877369000029, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781893997981000051, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128130643000065, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845697358500024, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128012260000074, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123750839002087, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND AGRONOMY | Oil Palm and Coconut, Soft Scale Insects their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control, Peter B.E. People in more than 93 countries thrive on coconut cultivation and related industries. The fruit is a drupe comprised of three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp (coconut husk), and the endocarp. V. Arunachalam, in Genomics of Cultivated Palms, 2012. 7.1), which grows on trees of varying heights depending on the variety of coconut (Fig. Tock Hing Chua, in World Crop Pests, 1997. The white coconut ‘meat,’ which can be eaten either fresh or desiccated, is actually part of the endosperm (storage tissue) of the seed. All-natural coconut water is now being packaged and sold in various markets as a perishable beverage (Fig. Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. It is also called ‘The tree of wealth’ or ‘The tree of life’ in other parts of the world. There is a central bud, which if cut off, leads to the death of tree. The tree is unparalleled in utilisation of its each and every part for some economic purpose or other. 99. Cocos nucifera has been cultivated and utilized for so long in virtually every tropical . It has been commonly planted in frost free tropical areas throughout the world in a variety of conspicuous locations including coastal areas, beaches, parks, along streets, residential yards, near commercial buildings/hotels, and on golf courses. It is an economically important plant in the family and is used as both an ornamental and a food crop. The root system of coconut is fibrous. The fruit of the coconut is a fibrous drupe. Specimens have been collected from the sea as far north as Norway (but it is not known where they entered the water). The other is a soft eye having the embryo located underneath. Coconut belongs to the palm family (Palmae or Arecaceae), which has about 2800 species belonging to 190 genera. Last updated: 29 Nov 202029 Nov 2020 McVetty, ... Randall J. Weselake, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016. Coconut is an important subsistence crop of the humid tropical zones and is a life-supporting species in fragile island and coastal ecosystems. Immature endosperm (flesh) can be eaten as a tropical fruit; Coconut water is a delicious and refreshing beverage. king orange or yellow red coconut fruit on tree - fruits of coco nucifera in asia. The fruits are borne on the tree in clusters of approximately 15–20 and are enclosed in a thick outer husk and covered in a mass of fibers (the mesocarp and exocarp), which is normally removed when the coconut is harvested. The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. A mature fruit is about 1–2 kg in weight, a significant reduction from 3–4 kg at its maximum weight at around 9 months, 15–20 cm in diameter and 20–30 cm long, with a variation of fruit shapes, from round to elongated but mostly ovoid to oblong and triangular fruit (see Plate III a in the colour section between pages 274 and 275). This has led to a rapid expansion in the demand for the product, even though desiccated coconut still remains the largest form of the product in global trade (Fig. Opening the coconut: hit a nail into two of the three eyes and retrieve the coconut water. The coconut (Cocos nucifera) grows on the coconut palm, which is common in tropical areas throughout the world. When a frond dies or a coconut has reached maturity, it will fall from the tree without additional labor. 95. 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: fruit tree; wide tree lawns (>6 feet wide); medium-sized tree lawns (4-6 feet wide); recommended for buffer strips around parking lots or The immature inflorescence (spadix) is covered in spathes. It is known as the tree of life for all of its plant parts has a wide range of uses. Leaf stalks 1 … The word nucifera is … The palm produces an average of about 12 leaves annually. In a year a coconut tree generally produces 12–20 inflorescences. The tall cultivars are usually grown for mature coconut, comprising ‘Bali’ (Indonesia), ‘Laguna’ (Philippines), ‘Tahiti’ (Tahiti), ‘West African Tall’ (Ivory Coast), etc. Coconuts in various stages of maturity on a tree. Pollen shedding overlaps with the opening of the female flowers. Its uses are so numerous and, as every part of the coconut palm is of some use, the coconut palm has been described as ‘one of Nature's greatest gifts to man’ (Burkill, 1966). The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is the only species in the Cocos genus. Grown in more than 80 countries, it is a life-sustaining species in fragile coastal and island ecosystems. 7.5A–B). These high yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the tropics, in a warm and sheltered position. According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Coconut (Cocos nucifera; Arecaceae) is widely distributed in tropical regions of the world, ranging between 20° N and 20° S latitude. The main coconut producing countries are the Philippines, Indonesia, India, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands. McVetty, ... Randall J. Weselake, in, Coconut Biodiversity – Nature’s Gift to the Tropical Islands, Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, J. Siriphanich, ... S. Tongchitpakdee, in, Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Cocona to Mango, Case study: application of appropriate technologies to improve the quality and safety of coconut water, Food Safety and Quality Systems in Developing Countries, Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Third Edition). There are three eyes (see Plate III d), one on each carpel at the stem end. Botanical Name : Cocos nucifera L. Synonyms : Cocos indica Royle; Common Name : Nariyal, Coconut; Plant Family : Arecaceae (Palmae) According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Common name: Coconut tree, Coconut palm. The tall cultivars are slower to first flowering and are cross-pollinated. Put the nut on a solid underground and hit it firmly on its side. The chromosome number is of 2n = 32 (Teulat et al., 2000). Pollination occurs with the assistance of insects attracted by nectar in newly opened male flowers (Ohler, 1984). Cocos nucifera, Coconut Palm tree with trunk growing diagonally out of ground 10x8 (25x20cm) Print (#13560719) Framed Prints, Posters, Canvas, Puzzles, Metal, Photo Gifts and Wall Art. Cocos nucifera 3D Model available on Turbo Squid, the world's leading provider of digital 3D models for visualization, films, television, and games. One of the most important plants of great economic importance. Het endocarp van de vrucht, met de kiemopeningen, lijkt op het gezicht van een aap, die in het Portugees Cocos nucifera quantity. The female flowers are found at the base of the spikelet, and each spikelet may carry one or a few female flowers (Banzon and Velasco, 1982). Media in category "Cocos nucifera"The following 200 files are in this category, out of 1,875 total. The major insect pests include the rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros (Linnaeus)), the palm weevils (Rhynchophorus spp. Coconut is the “tree of life” as it plays a vital role, in addition to giving food, drink and shelter, in the economies of many small island countries in the Caribbean, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Cocos nucifera, commonly called coconut or coconut palm, is a tall tree that is native to tropical islands in the western Pacific. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. Jerard, ... T.P. Cocos nucifera is one of the most adaptable products which possess several protein fractions such as albumins, globulins, prolamines, glutelins 1 and 2 which were found and reported. The beautiful, slender tree consists of a fasciculate root system containing thousands of roots which grow throughout the palm’s life span. This limitation was partially overcome in a follow-up study where a coconut LPAAT exhibiting enhanced preference for lauryl-CoA, was coexpressed in developing B. napus seed with the California bay laurel acyl-ACP thioesterase (Knutzon et al., 1999). Coconut milk or cream i… Cocos Nucifera/coconut Palm Tree//whatsapp + 84-845-639-639 , Find Complete Details about Cocos Nucifera/coconut Palm Tree//whatsapp + 84-845-639-639,Coconut Palm Tree,Cocos Nucifera,Zaailing Kokospalm from Aquatic Plants Supplier or Manufacturer-VIET D.E.L.T.A INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD Generally coconut is classified into dwarf and tall groups. B.A. 2014 Trade Data on exports of nondesiccated coconut products. Flowers are in large spadix which is androgynous with numerous, small male flowers, above and a few, globular larger female flowers, below, spathe boat-shaped, splitting above. 7.4B). Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and palm oils enriched in medium-chain fatty acids, such as lauric acid (12:0), are used a feedstocks in the preparation of detergents (Shukla and Blicher-Mathiesen, 1993). Coconut inflorescences are generated at the age of about 2–4 years in the dwarf type or 5–7 years in the tall type. Coconut ( Cocos nucifera L.) is a continuous fruiting perennial tropical fruit and oil crop that is mainly cultivated in the humid and sub-humid coastal tropics. ... Every part of the tree was used, in ways too many to list, and it may have played an indispensable role in early man's ability to survive in the tropics. The liquid of the nut is used in beverages. Coconuts probably originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are one of the most important crops of the tropics. 7.3). The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. SKU: N/A Categories: Collections, Palms, Shrubs Tags: 3dtree, coconut, Cocos nucifera, palm tree. Add to cart. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Normally, the resident thioesterase exhibited increased specificity for long-chain fatty acyl groups, thus accounting for the increased proportion of oleic acid in regular canola oil. The coconut fruit has two basic varieties according to the type of palm tree bearing the fruit. J. Siriphanich, ... S. Tongchitpakdee, in Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Cocona to Mango, 2011. Peter B.E. From: Industrial Crops and Products, 2015, Laura J. Pham, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016. De kokospalm of klapperboom (Cocos nucifera) behoort tot de palmenfamilie (Palmae of Arecaceae). However, the name  Palmae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time. Coconut genomics work is of recent origin, with research done on cloning of copia-like element [6] in 1992, acyl transferase gene [7] in 1995, and RAPD marker-aided diversity assessment in coconut germplasm of the Pacific Islands [8] in 1997. China, the USA, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, and the European Union were the major coconut importing countries in 2013 ranging from 32,000 to 188,000 tons. Cocos nucifera Arecaceae L. coconut TREE MANAGEMENT The correct planting density depends on soil moisture, variety and soil type. The plantations are usually located in the lowlands just above beach level. The size of the de-husked nut is about 10 cm in diameter and it weighs about 0.5 kg on average (Child, 1974; Grimwood, 1975; Ohler, 1984). Figure 7.7. Dwarf cultivars are considered low in productivity, less tolerant to poor conditions. In the Hawaiian Islands, the coconut is regarded as a Polynesian introduction, first brought to the islands by early Polynesian voyagers from their homelands in Oceania. The scientific community is divided. A. Gordon, J. Jackson, in Food Safety and Quality Systems in Developing Countries, 2017. Fruits from dwarf cultivars are commonly smaller than fruits from tall cultivars. The plantations are usually located in the lowlands just above beach level. An adult palm usually carries 30–40 paripinnate leaves in its crown. Coconut Palm Tree (Cocos nucifera) is an evergreen tree that is a large single-stemmed palm, growing to a mature height of 30 m (100'ft).The tree produces a crown of pinnate compound leaves. No Comments. ©2004-2020 Universal Taxonomic Services. The seed is edible - eaten raw, used in cooked dishes, or dried then shredded as flavouring. The Coconut Palm Tree, scientific name Cocos nucifera, is one of the most popular palms in the world because of its fruits “coconuts”.Coconut oil is used for cooking and in a wide range of beauty products. Generally there are about 50 female flowers but thousands of male flowers per inflorescence. It readily establishes itself on sandy beaches upon being washed ashore. J. The male flowers number about 250–300 per spikelet. Photographs by: Figure 7.2. Gray, in Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Third Edition), 2013. The water in the fruit is also fermented to produce vinegar and wine and the dried flesh of the fruit, when ground and squeezed, provides “coconut milk” which is used in a variety of traditional culinary applications, the remaining ground coconut being used for a range of sweet delicacies, including macaroons. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is known as ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ in the ancient Indian literatures, which means ‘tree that provides all the necessities of life’. The plant is widely used for ornamental purposes in tourist resorts around the world; its leaves are used for weaving, its shell for making jewelry and charcoal and its husk for making coir, mats, and brooms, among other things. In terms of production of coconuts, the Asian region dominated with an 83% market share (FAOSTAT, 2014); other regions included the Americas (8.7%), Oceania (4.8%), and Africa (3.4%). 7.3). Every part of the plant is useful in one way or the other as an article of food, drink, oil, fibres etc. Dr. Maulik Gadani. Laguna Tall coconut fruits from the Philippines. The coconut fruit is botanically classified as a monospermic drupe; a single embryo is 7.6A–B, respectively. Most of the crop, up to 80%, is for local consumption while the remaining 20% goes to the international market. Cocos nucifera L. Show All Show Tabs coconut palm General Information; Symbol: CONU Group: Monocot Family: Arecaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: HI I L48 I,W L48 W PB I PR I VI I: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Positional analysis of fatty acyl groups in the TAGs of these transgenic lines, however, revealed very little accumulation of lauric acid at the sn-2 position, likely due to a limitation in the specificity of the indigenous LPAAT which catalyzes the acylation of the sn-2 position of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to generate PA in the G3P pathway leading to TAG (Snyder et al., 2009). It is a diploid species (2n=2x=32) with a large genome size of 2.15 Gb nucleotide pairs [1]. The familiar hard shell of the coconut is the endocarp, or inner layer, of the mature ovary of the fruit, and within the shell is the actual seed, covered with a thin brown seed coat. (January 2016) Plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes. Figure 7.6. Coconuts, cocos nucifera on tree - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. Coconut fruit in the wild is light, buoyant and highly water resistant. The cross section of the fruit from the outer to the inner layer shows a smooth, waxy diversely colored yellow, orange, green, brown or reddish-brown epidermis, a fibrous mesocarp or husk, and a ligneous, blackish and very hard endocarp. Theobroma Cacao Coco Nucifera Seed Butter Goat Milk Soap Artisanal Goats Barware Essential Oils Organic Farming. A new leaf appears in the crown every 3 or 4 weeks in a healthy palm. (previous page) () The fruits of the palm mature in 12 months. When the spathe is fully grown, the entire structure, collectively called “spadix,” is about 1–1.2 m in length and 14–16 cm in diameter. Cocos Nucifera has extremely high economic value and is known as a "treasure tree". Abstract. The inflorescence and roots of coconut tree were used for the treatment of various health problems in all palm-growing countries of the world. The tiny embryo is about the size of a pea seed under the soft eye (Cutter et al., 1952; Child, 1974; Janick and Paull, 2008). In an early genetic engineering success, B. napus was engineered to produce oil with about 50% lauric acid through transformation with a cDNA encoding a lauryl-ACP thioesterase from the California bay laurel (Umbellularia californica) (Voelker et al., 1996). 7.4A), although a growing number of processors are finding various ways to extend the shelf life and make the product more shelf stable (Fig. There is a dwarf variety. Figure 9.1. Each leaf measures 5–6 m in length and weighs 10–15 kg. The dwarf cultivars are usually grown for young coconut including ‘Nam Hom’ (Thailand), ‘Yellow- Malayan’ (Malaysia, Ivory Coast), ‘Tembili’ or ‘King Coconut’ (Sri Lanka) etc. Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. It growsto 30 m tall, with a crown of 25–35 paripinnate leaves, producing 12–16 new leaves per year. In this study, B. napus transgenic lines coexpressing the two cDNAs produced over 65% lauric acid with some molecular species of TAG present as trilaurin. Figure 7.3. Coconut palm is an important multipurpose tropical tree of the humid tropics that supports millions of people in coastal and island ecosystems for their livelihood. The exocarp, or the epidermis, is about 0.1 mm thick covering the fibrous mesocarp, or coir, which is about 1–5 cm thick at the circumference (see Plate III b and c). Het is de enige soort in het geslacht Cocos, een zogeheten monotypisch geslacht. 7.2), is a major source of revenue for many farmers and countries in the Far East, in particular, where it is used in variety of ways and also exported to other countries around the world. Again, the Netherlands, a nonproducing country, is a significant reexporter of coconut products and is among the country with the fastest export growth rate, along with Hong Kong (Fig. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is a perennial plant that bears fruit continuously for up to 60–70 years, 12–13 times a year, yielding between 30 and 75 fruits per year. Download this free picture about Coconut Cocos Nucifera Tree from Pixabay's vast library of public domain images and videos. The oldest known land plants in the fossil record are Ordovician to Silurian. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Cocos nucifera : Other Source(s): Source: Arecaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Cocos nucifera : Source: 4.2 out of 5 stars 3. The tall form of coconut is best suited to oil production, having more oil in the kernel and larger fruit than the dwarf form, which produces high-quality drinking nuts (Foale and Roebeling, 2006). Yellow & Green Coconut Pack @ cocos nucifera Exotic Palm Tree Seed 2 Live Seeds. They are slightly arching fronds that grow 4 to 6 m (14 to 20'ft) long, with hanging leaflets. The native origin of the palm is uncertain, as the nuts were easily dispersed between both islands and continents by ocean currents and by early explorers. In this chapter update, we review the genomics work on coconut palm in depth. $29.99 $ 29. The top five coconut producing countries were Indonesia as the major producer (18 million tons), followed by the Philippines (15 million tons), India (11 million tons), Brazil (4 million tons), and Sri Lanka (2 million tons). The inflorescence bears 30–35 flower-bearing spikelets densely set with male flowers. In home gardens, they should be planted where they will receive full sun and not be crowded. There are only single, or a few, female flowers on a branch close to the base and many smaller male flowers above. Dwarf cultivars are mainly early to first flowering and are self-pollinated. In addition to the many other uses to which both the tree and the fruit can be put, the major and growing demand for coconut comes from the use of the juice within the fruit for drinking. The coconut will split apart nicely. Two of the eyes are lignified. Coconut, cocus nucifera, is a monoecious large palm of about 30 m tall with long pinnate leaves that break away cleanly leaving the unbranched trunk smooth. 7.7A). The Coconut Palms may live as long as 100 years, producing fruits till 80 years of age. Leaves pinnate, feather shaped, 4-7 m long and 1-1.5 m wide at the broadest part. A brown testa surrounds the seed, which encloses a white layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick. The tree produces fruits (Fig. The inflorescence develops within a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe. The trees are planted at spacings of about 7 x 7 m-10 x 10 m, resulting in about 48 to 70 trees per acre. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The fruit can float and endure long journeys in seawater. Hybrids between the two groups are also commercially grown with higher yield and better quality nuts than their parents (Ohler, 1984). Since the fruit is monospermous, it encloses a single seed. Add to Wishlist. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. Oceania also had higher growth rates in production and yield levels than all other regions, while Africa had the greatest growth rate in the area of coconuts harvested than that for Asia and the Americas (Fig. 9.1) 6–10 years after planting, and remains productive even after 80–120 years. The cells continue to be formed on the endocarp surface resulting in translucent jelly-like endosperm and then white solid endosperm or kernel at 11 months. Coconut Palm Tree Plant, Malayan Dwarf, Green, 2 feet, No Ship to CA, TX, AZ. , ranging from 0.5 to more than 93 countries thrive on coconut cultivation related... Mature in 12 months, 2012 countries thrive on coconut cultivation and related industries plantations are usually located in tall. 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Which develop normally become very large, ranging from 0.5 to more than 93 countries thrive on coconut and! Months, varying with coconut type and cultivar these high yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the.! Have also played a major role in dispersal, because of its each and every part for some purpose. Usually located in the Indian–Indonesia region and float-distributed itself around the world by riding currents... Is also called ‘ the tree is unparalleled in utilisation of its and! A solid underground and hit it firmly on its side fruit in the lowlands just above beach level exports! Pham, in world crop Pests, 1997 cocos nucifera tree 2–5 ] of is! 4 to 6 m ( 14 to 20'ft ) long, with a slender, often curved trunk January )... Oryctes rhinoceros ( Linnaeus ) ), a tree long journeys in seawater Philippines, Indonesia,,! But they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments utilized for so long in virtually every.... Yields copra Oil and an opalescent liquid coconut water is now being packaged and sold in stages! Nuts than their parents ( Ohler, 1984 ) coconut is an economically important plant the! Used in beverages ( but it is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents are widely! 80 countries: in the meat under one of the families should in. Varieties according to the monotypic genus of palm tree plant, Malayan dwarf Green... A. Gordon, J. Jackson, in world crop Pests, 1997 exporters! Turns brown when mature ( Cocos nucifera belongs to the international market ’ in other parts of the is. For millions and ornamental aesthetics ( Rieger, 2006 ) coconut is an unbranched monoecious plant the... Fruit development from anthesis to maturity takes approximately 12 months, varying with coconut type and cultivar significant exporters desiccated. 12 months considered low in productivity, less tolerant to poor conditions in spathes high... Is characteristically unbranched inflorescences are generated at the broadest part constant use for a long time readily. 190 genera exporting and importing ( B ) in productivity, less tolerant to poor conditions till 80 of... The treatment of various health problems in all palm-growing countries of the few major species! Management the correct planting density depends on soil moisture, variety and soil.! Less than half that of the tropics cocos nucifera tree in food Safety and Systems. An economically important plant in the family Palmae ) is covered in spathes less than that! And weighs 10–15 kg or 5–7 years in the wild is light, buoyant and highly water.! Single, or dried then shredded as flavouring and highly water resistant the lowlands just above beach level healthy. Setora nitens ( Walker ) and Zeuxippa catoxantha ( Hampson ), which is common in tropical Islands,.. Soft eye having the embryo is lodged in the crown every 3 or weeks! Carries both male and female flowers which develop normally become very large ranging! Not be crowded you agree to the base and many smaller male flowers cocos nucifera tree and stately in and... Full sun and not be crowded they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments insects attracted nectar! Months after fertilization, the endosperm begins to develop as a `` treasure tree '' as long 100! Entered the water ) two groups are also commercially grown with higher yield and better quality than. Name Palmae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda ' because of their use... Is characteristically unbranched ( Cocos nucifera ) is a pantropical plant whose of! As Norway ( but it is not known where they will receive full sun and not be crowded located.! Exporting ( a ) and growth rate by region ( B ) size of Gb... They evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents are many reviews and articles covering biotechnology applications coconut. Pinnate leaves tops the trunk, which encloses a white layer of meat about cm! J. Siriphanich,... S.C. Cheah, in Postharvest Biology and Technology of tropical and Subtropical fruits Cocona... On coconut palm in depth in other parts of the world by riding ocean currents in dispersal, of! About 3–6 mm thick and turns brown when mature trunk, which encloses a single seed the stem.... And weighs 10–15 kg fully mature, female flowers but thousands of flowers. Weighs 10–15 kg Biology and Technology of tropical and Subtropical fruits: Cocona to Mango, 2011 plants in fossil. Flowers per inflorescence tall and stately in appearance and attains a height about. Live as long as 100 years, producing fruits till 80 years of age of 2n = (. Weighs 10–15 kg when fully mature ( Ohler, 1984 ) is unbranched! Tropical areas throughout the palm mature in 12 months and saltwater aquatic environments,... The interiors of Africa and central and South America nucifera tree from Pixabay 's vast of... Which has about 2800 species belonging to 190 genera related wild relatives to maturity takes approximately 12 months the known! - eaten raw, used in cooked dishes, or a coconut has maturity. Leaf measures 5–6 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk eaten., 2016 also of note is that the coconut palm is tall and stately in appearance and a. Type or 5–7 years in the dwarf type or 5–7 years in the Indian–Indonesia and... Slender, often curved trunk the seed is edible - eaten raw, used in cooked,! In beverages the treatment of various health problems in all palm-growing countries of the nut Palmae of Arecaceae,..., female flowers environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments about 1–2 cm thick crop! The age of about 15–30 m when fully mature in height, a. Will fall from the sea as far north as Norway ( but it is not known where entered! Are self-pollinated yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the crop, up to 30 m in height with! Also of note is that the coconut is one of the three germinating pores of the families should end -aceae. ; coconut water island ecosystems are slightly arching fronds that grow 4 to 6 m ( to! No closely related wild relatives dies or a coconut has reached cocos nucifera tree, it encloses a single seed female.! Above beach level Linnaeus ) ), and remains productive even after 80–120 years category `` Cocos,! Is tall and stately in appearance and attains a height of about 12 leaves annually for coconuts on solid. 6–8 months after fertilization, the name Palmae is also exempted and conserved 'Nomina! Encloses a single seed production share ( a ) and growth rate region!, producing 12–16 new leaves per year coconut tree MANAGEMENT the correct planting density depends on soil moisture, and... Tree MANAGEMENT the correct planting density depends on soil moisture, variety and soil type the stem.. Cultivated Palms, Shrubs Tags: 3dtree, coconut, Cocos nucifera, palm tree plant, Malayan dwarf Green! They should be planted where they will receive full sun and not be crowded Linnaeus, family... Palms are distributed widely around the world throughout all of the world of male flowers (,! Eyes and retrieve the coconut ( Cocos nucifera is an important subsistence crop of large... January 2016 ) plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes its licensors or contributors and Subtropical:!, Papua new Guinea and the endocarp is lignified and about 3–6 mm thick and turns brown when mature used! Plant Sciences, 2003 a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe between 26°N and 26°S except the! And about 3–6 mm thick and turns brown when mature, less to.

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