Anhydrous ammonia forms explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate. Anhydrous ammonia: is a colourless gas that has a strong smell, and is toxic, corrosive and flammable It can explode if released in an enclosed space with a source of ignition present, or if a vessel containing anhydrous ammonia is exposed to fire. Anhydrous ammonia—often referred to as simply ammonia—can be cheaply manufactured and is an effective fertilizer in its own right. Class B1. Pick your sign material. AMMONIA (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 0414: R717 Refrigerant gas 717: October 2013: CAS #: 7664-41-7: UN #: 1005 EC Number: 231-635-3 ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING; FIRE & EXPLOSION: Flammable. The pressure on the tank is the liquid pressure and remains the same whether the tank is 10% or 80% full. Ammonia use is widespread, from commercial to residential applications. It is lighter than air and flammable, with difficulty, at high concentrations and temperatures. They decided to use an electric forklift to replace the leaking valve. It serves as an effective industrial refrigerant gas, which presents unique challenges to safely manage. Will burn in the range of 16-25% in air. INTRODUCTION It is well known that vapours of hydrocarbons, hydroxylic compounds and even some chlorinated solvents can form flammable … Motorists on the highway can easily identify an ammoni tank by these markings. Anhydrous ammonia reacts to form explosive products, mixtures or compounds with mercury, gold, silver, iodine, bromine, silver oxide and silver chloride. international transport, UN1005, ammonia, anhydrous 2.3 Poison Inhalation. Explosion Hazard: May form flammable/explosive vapor-air mixture. DOT and Bureau of Explosives classifications. Anhydrous ammonia, Aqua ammonia, Aqueous ammonia [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution.] Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Doug Chorney thinks it does. … Applicator tanks must contain the same identification on at least the rear of the container. Not so anymore. 77, No. Anhydrous ammonia is used as a refrigerant in many industrial facilities, including food processing plants. In one case, a leak occurred in the anhydrous ammonia refrigeration system in a cold storage warehouse. When mixed with lubricating oils, its flammable concentration range is increased. The apparent case of the missing anhydrous tanks has some wondering if it’s just an aberration, or if it signals a quiet but significant change in farmers’ soil fertility practices. The Threshold Limit Quantity for the storage of Anhydrous Ammonia is 10,000 lbs. It is easily compressed and forms a clear, colorless liquid under pressure. Label elements GHS-US labelling Hazard pictograms (GHS-US) : GHS05 GHS06 GHS07 Signal word (GHS-US) : Danger … Ammonia, anhydrous. The gas has a density of 0.6 relative to air (1.0) and is flammable above 15% by volume in air. These requirements cover complete self-contained strainer or filter assemblies intended for use with designated flammable fluids and anhydrous ammonia (fertilizer grade) in residential and commercial fuel burning, dispensing, and handling facilities. Perform risk assessment prior to use. What is the WHMIS 1988 classification? Because of the dangers associated with it, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires all employees working in ammonia-refrigerated facilities to go through safety training. BO0875000. Class 2 - Non-Flammable Poison Gas - Anhydrous Ammonia NH3, UN#1005. Diamond Hazard Value Description; 1 3 0 Health 3: Can cause serious or permanent injury. However, in high concentrations and certain atmospheric conditions, it is a fire and explosion hazard. Anhydrous ammonia – used in manufacturing, refrigeration and agriculture – is a pungent, colorless and toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to human tissue upon contact, according to NIOSH. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive, and toxic gases. Choose a size View full-size chart. It can also decompose at high temperatures forming hydrogen gas. Learn about available material substrates. Anhydrous ammonia is a widely used fertilizer that farmers use to add nitrogen to the soil for crops like field corn. Laboratory use. May be corrosive to metals. Appearance: Colourless gas. Cylinder may explode in heat of fire. 7664-41-7 RTECS No. Standard size is 10-3/4" x 10-3/4" Non-Flammable Poison Gas. A - Compressed Gas; B1 - Flammable Gas; D1A - Very Toxic; E - Corrosive. Anhydrous ammonia is classified as hazardous according to Australian WHS Regulations. Chemical reaction / Synthesis. (14) The clear distance between a tank containing anhydrous ammonia and a tank containing a flammable liquid shall not be less than 20 feet, except that installations with a storage capacity exceeding 150,000 Imperial gallons of water measured at 60°F shall be located not less than 100 feet from the above ground storage of flammable liquids. DANGEROUS GOODS Anhydrous ammonia is classified for physicochemical hazards and specified as dangerous in the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail (ADG Code), 7th Edition. Quantity: Add to Cart Customize this Product. About 80% of the ammonia produced by industry is used in agriculture as fertilizer. While NH 3 is dangerous, anhydrous ammonia also has countless uses relating to the medicinal field, functions as a cleaning agent when diluted, is commonly used as a fertilizer, and in some cases is stolen to illegally produce methamphetamine.. registration forms as a Division 2.2 non-flammable compressed gas (Div. DOT ID & Guide. However, when transporting anhydrous ammonia using the description for. Flammability 1: Must be preheated before ignition can occur. Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. Anhydrous ammonia is generally not considered to be a flammable hazardous product because its temperature of ignition is greater than 1,560 degrees F and the ammonia/air mixture must be 16 percent to 25 percent ammonia vapor for ignition. : 302 2/17 2.2. anhydrous ammonia domestically, it should be declared on FMCSA. : 01-2119488876-14 Chemical formula : NH3 Relevant identified uses : Industrial and professional. Ammonia begins dissociating into nitrogen and hydrogen at approximately 850° F. anhydrous ammonia nh3; Storage & Handling. Anhydrous ammonia is classified by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) as a Class 2.2 Non-flammable Gas. Ammonia is also flammable at concentrations of approximately 15 to 28% by volume in air. Class A. Anhydrous Ammonia Properties Ammonia is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell similar to human urine, as the urine contains an amount of ammonia in it. Odour: Ammonia-like. Identification Product Name: Ammonia, Anhydrous Synonyms: Ammonia CAS REGISTRY NO: 7664-41-7 Supplier: Tanner Industries, Inc. 735 Davisville Road, Third Floor Southampton, PA 18966 Website: www.tannerind.com Telephone (General): 215-322-1238 Corporate Emergency Telephone Number: … Ammonia Release Safety Precautions. It’s a highly hazardous chemical gas that is both toxic and flammable. How is ammonia used? Anhydrous ammonia is very soluble in water: at 293 K, 688 L of gaseous anhydrous ammonia can be dissolved in one litre of water. The amount of anhydrous ammonia released at the water / ammonia solution surface can be very important. It is lighter than air, its density being 0.589 times that of air. Ammonia is not highly flammable, but containers of ammonia may explode when exposed to high heat. … Nurse tanks must have the words "anhydrous ammonia" in large green lettering and a non-flammable gas placard with the words "non-flammable" or "1005" on both sides and on each end of the tank. air mixtures has shown that no aqueous solution of ammonia gives rise to flammable vapours when its temperature exceeds 49o C. It was also shown that solutions containing less than 5 mol. Most anhydrous ammonia is produced for the agricultural community. Ammonia, Anhydrous Safety Data Sheet 302 08/31/2017 EN (English) SDS Ref. When mixed with lubricating oils, its flammable concentration range is increased. Only anhydrous ammonia is present in the vapour phase. Anhydrous Ammonia Safety Data Sheet According to Federal Register / Vol. Flammable Gas Category 2 H221 Gas Under Pressure: Compressed Gas H280 Acute Toxicity Category 3 (Inhalation: gas) H331 Skin Corrosive Category 1B H314 Eye Damage Category 1 H318 . The auto ignition temperature is 1,204°F if catalyzed and 1,570°F if un-catalyzed. At room temperature, anhydrous ammonia is a colorless, highly irritating gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. The fire fighters believed that they were dealing with stabilized conditions and that anhydrous ammonia gas was non-flammable based on the U.S. It can explode if released in an enclosed space with a source of ignition present, or if a vessel containing anhydrous ammonia … For outdoor installations, this condition is not likely to be obtained except as a result of a tank or pipeline rupture. The … A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. 2.2). % ammonia in water do not produce flammable vapours at any temperatures. Other Names: Anhydrous ammonia, Liquid ammonia Main Uses: Used as a fertilizer, to make plastics, fibers and other chemicals, as a refrigerant, and in many other applications. Ammonia is also used as a refrigerant gas, for purification of water supplies, and in the manufacture of plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides, dyes and other chemicals. Sleek white anhydrous ammonia fertilizer tanks perched on wheels ready to roll out to farmers’ fields were once a common sight along rural highways. Class D1A. Gas/air mixtures are explosive. Anhydrous ammonia is a pungent gas with suffocating fumes Symptoms can include breathing difficulty; irritation of the eyes, nose or throat Exposure to high concentrations can lead to death NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. (3,516 US gallons) for Ammonium Hydroxide. The facility must comply with OSHA 29 CFR 1910.118, Process Safety Management (PSM) as well as the EPA Risk Management Program, 40 CFR … Ammonia is generally regarded as non-flammable. Ammonia has a slight flammable gas classification at level 1; however, it can be ignited easily or have an explosive reaction in the right conditions (aka a large energy source). (1,758 US gallons), and 20,000 lbs. Ammonia is stored and transported as a liquid under pressure. The solubility rises when the temperature drops (Table 1). directly on liquid ammonia. Fire Hazard: Flammable gas. Non-Flammable Gas (domestic) Inhalation Hazard (Special Provision 13) (domestic) Poison Gas (international) Corrosive (international) AMA; NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card; Ammonia: AMMONIA (ANHYDROUS) NFPA 704. Toxic Gas. Test gas/Calibration gas. The maximum filling level of an anhydrous ammonia tank is 85%. 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