Beach Vitex. University of Florida. During the past 25 years, erosion has claimed about 1,200 acres from four primary barrier islands in the Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge nature north of Charleston, according to statistics … We are also not sure whether the local beach mice will eat these seeds. Flowers are blue-purple, fragrant, 1 inch wide, and arranged in short inflorescences out of the leaf axils (Figure 3). Description: Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. All rights reserved. A waxy substance moves from the deciduous leaves and seeds, causing hydrophobic sand and soils, giving beach vitex a competitive advantage. Thickets can reach 15-60 cm high. Thus, displacing sea oats could impact beach mice. Plants grow down to the ocean waves themselves. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Leaf arrangement is opposite (Figure 3). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. For information about the website contact webteam@ext.msstate.edu. Beach Vitex Control With Selected ... habitat distribution • Soil seed bank is such that even after the removal of BV, there will be enough seeds to reestablish the area. Beach vitex is in the mint family. Hilton Head Island Municipal Government (South Carolina). Beach vitex spreading from beach front properties on Pawleys Island, SC. Invasive Plant Science and Management 3:340–345. A few vitex species are cultivated as woody ornamentals or for beach stabilization. Beach vitex, having a taproot system, are not as effective. Height: 3. Since its introduction in the 1980s, this PacificRim native has invaded many fragilebeach-dune ecosystems along the Mid-Atlantic, Southern Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico. Stems root along their length, forming a mat on the sand. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. Fruit are round, ¼-inch wide, and purplish-black when ripe. It is found at low elevations on beaches, sand dunes, and rocky shorelines (HNPPD, 2001). The City of Virginia Beach and the City of Norfolk, in partnership with Virginia Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Services and Conservation and Recreation, worked with … Size: NT Premium. Because of its invasive nature, beach vitex crowds out native dune plants such as sea oats (Uniola latifolia L.), American beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata Fern. Though we are not aware of any beach vitex growing on the fore dune in the panhandle, if it does it could impact sea turtle nesting. Beach Vitex (BV) (Vitex rotundifolia-L. f.) has become a major invasive plant in the fragile beach ecosystems of the Carolinas.This prostrate, salt tolerant shrub from the Pacific Rim was introduced to the southeastern United States as a landscape plant. Beach vitex is a prolific seed producer but can also spread from stem (runner) fragments (Figure 2). Imazapyr (Habitat) was effective either applied as foliage spray or as a cut stem treatment. Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. 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It is also known as monks pepper, single leaf chaste tree, chasteberry, and round-leaved chaste tree. USDA. Large-scale monocultures of beach vitex … ), Proceedings of the 50th Annual Southern Nursery Association Research Conference (pp. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Lilac chastetree and negundo chastetree are grown as shrubs or small trees. 3. In 2003, in response to concerns about possible impacts of the plant on native dune species, as well as loggerhead sea turtle nesting habitat, the South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force was organized to address the problem. Currently, beach vitex is not regulated in the U.S. History of beach vitex cultivation: a potential invasive ornamental (PDF | 2.34 MB). 2010. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Beach vitex, man hyung ja (Korea), hamagou (Japanese), dan ye man jing (Chinese) Habitat and Description. Maps can be downloaded and shared. In addition to threatening natural sand dune plant communities, beach vitex degrades endangered loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta L.) nesting habitat as well as habitat for the federally threatened plant, seabeach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus Raf.). Habitat: Terrestrial; sand dunes and beaches Growth Habit: Perennial Shrub Native Environment: Asia to Australia AKA: Roundleaf vitex: Introduction. However, by the mid-1990s, dune restoration specialists with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on South Carolina beaches (Figure 1), crowding out native dune plants, and spreading by seeds and vegetative fragments. ARS. ), and seaside panicum (Panicum hemitomon Schult.). Beach and simpleleaf vitex have been considered a single, highly variable species (Vitex rotundifolia). Beach vitex covers a secondary dune on the Isle of Palms near Charleston, SC. The stems are hairy at … If you need assistance accessing any of our content, please email the webteam or call 662-325-2262. 1. Beach vitex can reach 1 to 2 feet high and typically 12 feet long, but runners can grow to infinite lengths, with reports of up to 60 feet (Figure 2). . Beach Vitex grows so aggressively that during the 60 day incubation time many turtle nests are overgrown, entrapping the hatchlings. Mississippi State University is an equal opportunity institution. 2010) Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native … Beach vitex on Carolina beaches is altering sea turtle nesting habitat and may be costing the lives of newly emerged sea turtle hatchlings. YouTube; North Carolina Sea Grant. Habitat Currently, beach vitex blankets a number of oceanfront dunes in the Carolinas … Very little research has been done to evaluate the effectiveness of herbicides on beach vitex. Thickets can reach 15-60 cm high. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. In: B.L. Leaves are simple, rounded, and gray-green with dense, grayish-white hairs on the lower surface. Some have been found dead, entangled within the rhizome mats. The easiest and safest way to eradicate beach vitex is a two step process involving cutting the stems just above groundline and immediately applying a Habitat (imazapyr) herbicide to the cut surface. It has escaped from cultivation in the Southeastern U.S., with free-living populations in Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Florida (suspected). Those commonly cultivated include lilac chastetree (Vitex agnus-castus L.), negundo chastetree (Vitex negundo L.), beach vitex, and simpleleaf chastetree (Vitex trifolia L.). 2007. James (Ed. Questions about equal opportunity programs or compliance should be directed to the Office of Compliance and Integrity. species. Fig. Beach vitex is a serious threat to native dune plants, nesting sites for sea turtles and foraging and nesting areas for shorebirds from Georgia to Maryland. The genus Vitex is not native to the lower 48 states, but several species of the genus are widely planted. As an obligate seashore shrub, beach vitex grows along rocky and sandy shorelines and coastal areas up to fifty feet above sea level. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Beach vitex is scientifically known as Vitex rotundifolia.The scientific name is Latin meaning round leaf. In the Midsouth, beach vitex has escaped in Alabama, and mapping efforts are underway to determine if it exists in other Midsouth states. Efforts are now underway to map and monitor its spread. It has since Vitex Species, Beach Vitex, Round-Leaf Chaste Tree (Vitex trifolia subsp. Cousins, M.C., J. Briggs, C. Gresham, J. Whetstone, and T. Whitwell. Habitat description Vitex rotundifolia is an obligate sand dune species (Kim, 2005). http://northinlet.sc.edu/resource/vitex.htm#Vitex%20Intro. Habitat. Currently, beach vitex blankets a number of oceanfront dunes in the Carolinas (Figures 1 and 2). Product Description. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and … 531-533). Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree [1] or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. It is listed as a State Noxious Weed by the North Carolina Department of … Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s. Beach Vitex Control Program Fall applications work best 20% Habitat –with Dye Allow 4 to 6 mos before removal of dead stems 95% control, regrowth usually occurs in summer Follow-up retreatments –for as many 3 years Growing low and spreading along the ground allows its roots to … Plants should be removed before fruit ripening to avoid seed dispersal. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. Most beach vitex stems can be cut with lopping shears; however, the larger stems may require a limbing saw. Habitat: Coastal Dunes. This invasive shrub, the seeds of which are dispersed by the sea, grows on the shores of the Mediterranean, Central Asia, India, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and the Pacific Islands. Large-scale monocultures of beach vitex … Crowds out native species and may destroy sea turtle nesting habitat (Cousins et al. Fig. Assessments are now being conducted to determine if the plant should be regulated by federal or state plant regulatory agencies. Seeds and cuttings that have been chipped up and spread as mulch have also started new populations where dispersed. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Beach vitex is highly salt and drought-tolerant (GRI, 2006) and grows best in full sun and sandy or well-drained soils (SCNPS, undated). The herbicides listed in Table 1 are effective for controlling a wide range of woody broadleaf and some grassy plants. Vitex rotundifolia. Revised by John D. Byrd Jr., PhD, Extension/Research Professor, and Victor Maddox, PhD, Senior Research Associate, Plant and Soil Sciences. It has a main taproot from which the runners (stolons) extend in a radiating pattern, like a skinny-legged starfish. Severely alters native habitat by dominating primary dune areas with dense, sprawling, perennial, woody cover (Beach Vitex Task Force, 2013). With all foliar treatments, a nonionic surfactant should be added to the spray solution at 1–2 quarts per 100 gallons spray solution. On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Common Name: BEACH VITEX. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex. It also occurs along the North Carolina coast and was recently observed on a beach in Alabama. Extension Service of Mississippi State University, cooperating with U.S. Department of Agriculture. A species profile for Beach Vitex. Home and Garden Information Center. Single plants or scattered populations of beach vitex plants should be mechanically removed from an infested site and properly disposed of to avoid unintentional spread of the plant. Beach Vitex Invades the Carolina Coast Threatening Native Dune Plants and Sea Turtles Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a deciduous, woody vine from Japan and Korea that was introduced to the ... well as habitat for a federally threatened plant, seabeach amaranth and other rare species. Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. This refers to the round shape of the leaves. The Mississippi State University Extension Service is working to ensure all web content is accessible to all users. Beach vitex is a vine that grows along the surface of sandy areas, like dunes. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. Copyright 2019 by Mississippi State University. Digging or pulling plants manually can be used in areas where herbicide use is not desired. litoralis) by htop Jan 5, 2008 7:58 PM possibly an interspecific hybrid between V. rotundifolia and V. agnus-castus Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): an invasive coastal species (PDF | 248 KB). These treatments may also damage other broadleaf or grass plants, including some threatened dune species, so it is important to make careful and selective applications. Beach vitex is reported to be native to Indo-Malaysia and Hawaii, but it is found from China, Taiwan, and Japan south to Malaysia, India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Australia, the Pacific Islands, and Hawaii. University of Georgia. This research focused on controlling beach vitex with foliar or cut stem applications of herbicides. Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. 2007. Questions about equal opportunity programs or compliance should be directed to the Office of Compliance and Integrity, 56 Morgan Avenue, P.O. Leaves are 2 inches long and 1.5 inch wide. By the mid-1990's, plant specialists began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on state beaches, crowding out native plants such as sea oats and sea beach … The Beach Vitex “invasion” has become so bad that South Carolina developed a Vitex Task Force to deal with the … Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Beach vitex, History of beach vitex cultivation: a potential invasive ornamental (PDF | 2.34 MB). Beach vitex is still sold and used as an ornamental, which is another means of dispersal. Globally, it is present in both tropical (where it is evergreen) and temperate (deciduous) climatic regions. Copyright © 2020 Mississippi State University Extension Service. YouTube - Beach Vitex: Kudzu of the Coast? Since its introduction in the 1980s, this Pacific Rim native has invaded many fragile beach-dune ecosystems along the Mid-Atlantic, Southern Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico. Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. Beach vitex: South Carolina’s newest menace. Since that time, the effort to control Beach vitex has expanded to include North Carolina, and more recently, … The South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force has documented beach vitex at more than 115 locations along the South Carolina coast. V. rotundifolia grows along sandy and rocky coasts from 0 to 15 m above sea level. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Problems Caused Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980’s. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Published in furtherance of Acts of Congress, May 8 and June 30, 1914. National Genetic Resources Program. 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