For example, release of digestive enzymes from the pancreas is partly regulated by chloride channels, and defects in these channels are a direct cause of pancreatic inflammation. The chloride concentration in the blood is kidney regulated. calcium chloride: CaCl 2: Much of the road salt (de-icer) used to de-ice roads in cold climates is calcium chloride. Questions regarding health should be addressed by a physician or other healthcare provider. The best sources of chloride for dog and cat foods are animal products, including fish meals and meat meals, also milk and milk products. It helps with nerve impulse transmission, cardiac function, and muscle contraction, and aids in the digestion and absorption of many nutrients. Chloride, combined with potassium, is also found in many foods. Chalk, limestone and marble chips are good sources of solid calcium carbonate; some antacids are largely calcium carbonate. The two electrolytes are often attached to chloride. It is vital to general health. Dietary deficiency of chlorine is rare and is only likely to occur if you have excessive losses from your body. High chloride content can cause diabetes with resulting poor control of blood sugar levels. Chloride is a component of salt used in cooking and some foods. The chloride ion / ˈklɔːraɪd / is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−. Chloride is needed in the transmission of nerve impulses. Daily Requirement of Chlorine An excess intake of sodium may lead to high blood pressure, severely affect the cardiovascular system, and the kidneys, and cause an excess buildup of fluids in people with certain conditions. Chloride is absorbed by the body when food is digested and leaves in urine. AU - Lautz, Laura. Chloride is also needed to maintain the body’s acid-base balance. Heavy sweating can cause the loss of large amounts of sodium chloride as well as some potassium. Chloride is a negative ion, mainly found in the fluid outside of the cells along with positive sodium ions (NaCl). Chloride is important in maintaining water balance, and is an essential component of gastric juice. Potassium chloride (KCl) is also found in foods or in the form of “salt substitute.”. Chloride is a major component of dissolved solids. The chloride ion is larger than the chlorine atom. Application of road salt in the United States has tripled since the 1970s, while other uses of salt have remained stable or decreased. That is the case with chloride. The amount increases with age; adults needs are in the range of 1.7 to 5 grams daily, but many people consume much more because of the salt content in their diet. Infant formulas without chloride can cause some of these problems, which are alleviated when chloride is given. Chlorides can be introduced into concrete through two main routes, (i) as a contaminant or an additive in the original mix, and (ii) as a result of “post-setting” exposure to the environment. Chloride has dietary sources other than table salt, namely as another form of salt—potassium chloride. In addition, the chloride salts of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesiumare commonly used to supplement manufactured dog and cat foods. Chloride ions may also enter the set concrete from an external source such as sea water, particularly when structures are exposed to sea spray or deicing salts. Chloride is a mobile nutrient that can easily be leached from the soil profile. experimentally confirmed and approved levels of the nutrient intake for different demographics, Takes prescription meds but cannot alleviate symptoms, Wants to achieve optimal wellness, prevent chronic disease, and manage aging process, Tomatoes: Although the chloride content of a tomato is high, there is a reduced risk of heart disease with this fruit, due to the presence of high amounts of lycopene (a naturally occurring pigment), Leafy vegetables such as lettuce and celery, Seaweeds like kelp and dulse, which are seawater-dwelling marine plants (algae). Chloride also assists the liver cleansing process. The presence of chloride in groundwater can result from a number of sources including the weathering of soils, salt-bearing geological formations, deposition of salt spray, Chloride may also be helpful in allowing the liver to clear waste products. Chloride is a naturally occurring element that is common in most natural waters and is most often found as a component of salt (sodium chloride) or in some cases in combination with potassium or calcium. It is also found in many vegetables. Public drinking water standards require chloride levels not to exceed 250 mg/l. Because people often get too much salt, they usually get plenty of chloride to meet their body's needs. Less than 15% of the body chloride is found inside the cells, with the highest amounts within the red blood cells. Chloride makes up about 0.15% of human body weight and is found mainly in the extracellular fluid, along with sodium. It is also contained in most foods, especially vegetables. Male and Female 14 to 50 years 2.3 g per day, Male and Female 51 to 70 years 2.0 g per day, Male and Female Over 70 years 1.8 g per day, All Pregnant and Lactating Females 2.3 g per day, Hyponatremia (a condition occurring when the sodium level in blood is low), Tetany (a condition caused by low calcium in the blood characterized by spasms of the feet, hands, and voice box; cramps; and overactive neurological reflexes), Nausea interferes with the ability to eat, Vomiting occurs four to five times in a 24-hour period, Four to six episodes of diarrhea occur in a 24-hour period, Severe constipation lasts for two to three days, Combined muscle twitching, poor appetite, increased urination, and irritability. From a volume standpoint, the most important anthropogenic sources of Cl-to waters in Illinois are fertilizer, road salt, water conditioning salt, sewage, and livestock waste (Table 1). It helps in digesting food effectively by breaking food products down to a form that the small intestines can absorb easily. Sodium and chloride are found together in most foods and termed as salt. The National Academies of Science Engineering and Medicine, Health and Medication Division determined the adequate chloride intake based on sex and age. The relation of The relation of chloride concentration to chloride:bromide ratios (by mass) for samples Areas that test high for potash with little potash muriate applied are common areas of chloride deficiency. Vegetables (per 100 grams). Chloride concentrations for potential contamination sources of Cl-in Illinois are shown in Table 2. AU - Jin, Li. Chloride is found in barley, wheat, and other grains and pulses, green leafy vegetables, and fruits like melon, and pineapple. For now, potassium chloride on labels refers to the sodium-free salt substitute. It is needed to keep the body fluids in proper balance. Kidney disorders or kidney failure can result. It is not intended as a substitute for medical advice, or the diagnosis or treatment of any problem or condition. It can lead to metabolic alkalosis (body fluids becoming too alkaline), low fluid volume, and urinary potassium loss. There is also some concern about chloroform, a volatile liquid that can be formed spontaneously from chlorinated water and can have toxic effects. Sodium and chloride are usually present together in foods as sodium chloride, or salt. Most negative health effects of chloride are associated with the accompaniment of potassium or sodium. When food is broken down to fluid, chloride enters the intestines to ensure better metabolism. Chloride is a structural component in some proteins and is present in the enzyme, amylase. Chloride sources are especially abundant in processed foods because of the high levels of preservatives needed to keep these foods fresh. AU - Shaw, Stephen B. Fish and Other Seafood (per 100 grams). Eating too much salt may increase your risk of heart disease. One source claims chloride of lime was used by Dr. John Snow to disinfect water from the cholera-contaminated well that was feeding the Broad Street pump in 1854 London, though three other reputable sources that describe that famous cholera epidemic do not mention the incident. Chloride is an essential mineral for humans. Chloride is colorless and diamagnetic. The cells in the stomach lining need chloride to make the component of digestive juices, hydrochloric acid. Chlorides may get into surface water from several sources including: Given the unpleasant consequences of chloride homeostasis disruption, it is very important to maintain chloride levels in the body. It is useful in regulating the fluid amount in the body and maintaining the pH balance of acids and bases. Adequate intake for younger adults is 2.3 g, reached by an intake of 3.8 g of sodium chloride. Dehydration or other forms of fluid loss such as vomiting or diarrhea occur. In addition to salt, many vegetables, such as celery, tomatoes, lettuce, and seaweeds, are good sources of chloride. Alkaline levels need to be controlled because they tend to lower stamina levels, boost physical discomfort, and obstruct systematic muscle functionality. Chloride appears in the stomach as hydrochloric acid. Common table salt is the most abundant chloride source. Condiments (per 100 grams). Chloride travels primarily with sodium and water and helps generate the osmotic pressure of body fluids. It is an important constituent of stomach hydrochloric acid (HCl), the key digestive acid. Infants need about 0.5 to 1 gram daily. These include salted nuts, chips, sauces, canned food items, butter, salted meat and fish, pickles, burgers, sandwiches, cheese, tomato ketchup, bacon and ham. the major purposes of this specific nutrient in the human body. The chloride need for males and females are similar but differ in age. Meat and Meat Products (per 100 grams). Replacement of chloride is necessary to maintain metabolic function. The movement of negatively charged chloride propagates nervous electrical potential. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. A diabetic coma is possible. Chloride is found in table salt or sea salt as sodium chloride. Table salt is a combination of sodium and chloride. Source of Chloride Ion. Drugs such as diuretics, estrogens, corticosteroids, and androgens can cause hyperchloremia. Chloride strengthens the overall digestive system. The element chlorine itself is a poisonous gas that is soluble in water; in nature and in our body, it exists primarily as the chloride anion, the negatively charged ion that joins with cations such as sodium to make salt (sodium chloride) and with hydrogen to make stomach acid (hydrochloric acid). PY - 2016/9/15. With potassium and sodium, chloride aids in the electrical impulse transportation throughout the body. The condition occurs when the blood becomes overly alkaline. Chloride can be found in a wide variety of whole foods, including grains, … Symptoms include: Hypochloremia results from an electrolyte imbalance caused by abnormal depletion of chloride ions in the blood. Chloride is not a well-known mineral. These include salted nuts, chips, sauces, canned food items, butter, salted meat and fish, pickles, burgers, sandwiches, cheese, tomato ketchup, bacon and ham. Nearly every category on the food charts has foods that contain chloride. The kidneys excrete or retain chloride mainly as sodium chloride, depending on whether they are trying to increase or decrease body acid levels. conventional ways to estimate nutrient status. “Staying Healthy with Nutrition”, Which Foods Contain The Most Chloride? The AI is the amount believed to cover the needs of the individuals in each group. Dietary sources of chloride are: all foods containing sodium chloride, as well as tomatoes, lettuce, olives, celery, rye, whole-grain foods, and seafood. We get our supplies of chlorine from food mainly in the form of sodium chloride (salt). Chloride ions in the environment can come from sodium chloride or from other chloride salts such as potassium chloride, calcium chloride and magnesium chloride. Many physicians refer patients to food sources such as lettuce, seaweed-based products, and rye as an alternative. Food Sources Biscuits, Cakes, Cereal, Desserts, Pasta (per 100 grams). AU - Gutchess, Kristina. Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are often very soluble in water. 12 Essential Minerals for Cellular Health: An Introduction To Cell Salts, Filed Under: Articles, Vitamins Minerals And Chemicals. Excessive loss of sodium, and consequently chloride, can occur from activities such as heavy sweating during exercise and prolonged diarrhea and vomiting. The chlorine you get through your diet is mostly in the form of chloride, most of which comes from the amount of salt, or sodium chloride, you eat. We get most of our sodium through salt (either table salt or sea salt) and food additives that are used during the process of food preparation. Such whole foods contain natural sources of potassium and are part of a healthy and balanced diet. As per the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, nearly 77% of the sodium intake of an average American comes from consuming packaged and restaurant foods. 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