Category: Flowers and Foliages. Subordinate Taxa. Species Geranium wislizeni S. Watson – Huachuca Mountain geranium P Species Geranium yeoi Aedo & Muñoz Garm. Scientific Name of Geranium? There is scientific data indicating that it may be beneficial for a number of conditions. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants … [8], The name Pelargonium was first proposed by Dillenius in 1732,[12] who described and illustrated seven species of geraniums from South Africa that are now classified as Pelargonium. Common Name(s) Geranium, pelargonium, garden geranium, zonal geranium, malva, malvon, ivy geranium, ivy-leaf geranium, scented-leaf geranium, stork’s bill, rose geranium, sweet-scented geranium, Martha Washington geranium, regal geranium, show geranium, angel geranium, dusky crane’s bill, mourning widow, black widow, wild geranium, wood geranium, spotted geranium, spotted … Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. Habitat: broadleaf woodland, grassland, heathland and moorland. They are long-lived and most have a mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage. There are five stigmata in the style. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Davis, J.J. 1920. Family Name: Geraniaceae. The diurnal butterflies Cacyreus marshalli and C. tespis (Lycaenidae), native to southern Africa, also feed on Geranium and Pelargonium. [8] There is considerable confusion as to which Pelargonium are true species, and which are cultivars or hybrids. A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. This consists of a beak-like column which springs open when ripe and casts the seeds some distance. True to its name, the plant emits a strong minty aroma. Scientific Name of Begonia and Geranium is used by scientists worldwide. Miniature — miniature leaves and flowers, stems with short nodes, and compact growth. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The flowers of zonal geraniums may be single or double, and their blooms may come in a wide range of colors ranging from pure white to burgundy through many shades of pink, orange and red to the most intense purple. Scientific Name Of Geranium Oil. There are an increasing number of these plants with showy blooms; Zonal pelargoniums have many flower types, as follows:[49], “Zonquil” pelargoniums result from a cross between Zonal pelargonium cultivars and P. A wide range of color options, large habits, and all-season performance translates directly into consumer success. Storksbill, also called Heronsbill, any of several flowering plants of the genus Erodium, in the geranium family (Geraniaceae), of worldwide distribution.Many species are wild flowers useful in garden borders and rock gardens; some are used for forage; and a number of them are weedy. Petals five and equal, colour white or pink to deep purplish red. Geranium sanguineum carries the common name of bloody cranesbill because its foliage turns a bright crimson in the fall. Some species have spreading rhizomes. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. [49] They are also referred to as Pelargonium × hortorum Bailey. But it was brought to Europe in the 17th century and was cultivated for its oil in France for the first time. Geranium flowers have five very similar petals, and are thus radially symmetrical (actinomorphic), whereas Pelargonium (and also Erodium) flowers have two upper petals which are different from the three lower petals, so the flowers have a single plane of symmetry (zygomorphic). Other terms include ‘Langley-Smith Hybrids’.[49]. If you are now eying your potted geranium or your neighbors as an emergency source of diarrhea medication, dont even think about it. [81] P. odoratissimum is used for its astringent, tonic and antiseptic effects. herb Robert. (ii) Silver Tricolour or Silver Leaf – These tend to resemble a normal bi-colour leaf plant with two distinct colours usually of green and pale cream or white; the third colour is usually made up of bronze zoning. Chromosomes x=11 and 9. Geraniaceae. there would be two subgenera, based on clades A+B, and C respectively and seven sections based on subclades. (i) Gold Tricolour – Leaves of many colours including red and gold, but usually with clearly defined edges of golden yellow and having a leaf zone, usually red or bronze, that overlays two or more of the other distinct leaf colours, so that the zone itself appears as two or more distinct colours. Don't confuse them with the lovely bedding plants called 'geraniums', which belong to the genus Pelargonium and are much more tender (very few are hardy). [23] C. marshallii has been introduced to Europe and can develop into a pest on cultivated Pelargoniums. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. [16] Linnaeus' reputation prevented further differentiation for forty years. [10], Pelargonium is the second largest genus (after Geranium) within the family Geraniaceae, within which it is sister to the remaining genera of the family in its strict sense,[11] Erodium, Geranium, and Monsonia including Sarcocaulon. Scientific Name. Geranium arboreum. For exhibition purposes, when exhibited in specific ‘Gold’ Leaf class – Must have over 50% of leaf surface gold coloured. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. In 1774, P. cordatum, P. crispum, P. quercifolium and P. radula were introduced, followed by P. capitatum in 1790. They can be cultivated with general success in nearly all parts of the world, however. For exhibition purposes there is a separate class for 'Stellar' varieties, but being Zonals could be shown in an open class for Basic, Dwarf or Miniature Zonals (unless otherwise stated). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. [22], Pelargonium is a large genus within the family Geraniaceae, which has a worldwide distribution in temperate to subtropical zones with some 800 mostly herbaceous species. The pink flowers grow in pairs and have 5 separate petals with longitudinal ridges. Geraniaceae – Geranium family. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. It bears tiny white flowers with purple splashes in the throat. The common names refer to the five-parted long, bill-like capsules, which contain the seeds. Jones: Classification. thunbergii (Siebold ex Lindl. The Geraniaceae have a number of genetic features unique amongst angiosperms, including highly rearranged plastid genomes differing in gene content, order and expansion of the inverted repeat. The botanical name of geranium is Pelargonium graveolens. [22], Pelargonium species are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species, including the noctuid moth angle shades, Phlogophora meticulosa. [8] The centre of diversity is in southwestern South Africa where rainfall is confined to the winter, unlike the rest of the country where rainfall is predominantly in the summer months. Some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are grown in specialized gardens like rock gardens. The name Pelargonium is derived from the Greek πελαργός, pelargós (stork), because the seed head looks like a stork's beak. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. Geranium molle L. subsp. Southern Africa contains 90% of the genus, with only about 30 species found elsewhere, predominantly the East African rift valley (about 20 species) and southern Australia, including Tasmania. 3 (1993), pp. (i) Basic plants – Mature plants with foliage normally exceeding 7" (180 mm) in height above the rim of the pot. May have bicolour leaves and may have flowers that are single, double or rosette. [24], The Japanese beetle, an important agricultural insect pest, becomes rapidly paralyzed after consuming flower petals of the garden hybrids known as "zonal geraniums" (P. × hortorum). Vicia sativa subsp. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. Subgenus Parvulipetala: Corresponds to clade B, with 39-42 species. Ivy pelargoniums are often sold as series such as 'Great Balls of Fire', in a variety of colours such as 'Great Balls of Fire Burgundy'. Hybrid zonals are crosses between zonals and either a species or species-derived pelargonium. Desf. [31], A study by the Laboratory of Apiculture & Social Insects group at the University of Sussex on the attractiveness of common garden plants to pollinators found that a cultivar of Pelargonium × hortorum was unattractive to pollinators in comparison to other selected garden plants such as Lavandula (lavender) and Origanum. The oils of the scented pelargoniums contain citronellol, geraniol, eugenol, alpha pinene and many other compounds. Jones & F.F. It was probably brought to the Botanical Garden in Leiden before 1600 on ships which had stopped at the Cape of Good Hope. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit … Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. This strong geranium series looks like an ivy geranium but is more heat tolerant, has better flower retention and is less sensitive to oedema. [40] It described seven groups, listing each cultivar with the list of its originator, and in most cases a date. [51], These are known as zonal geraniums because many have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves,[36] this is the contribution of the Pelargonium zonale parent. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly … Johnson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Dilys' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Mavis Simpson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Orion' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium ROZANNE= 'Gerwat' PBR AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Results / RHS Gardening", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium&oldid=991749701, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 17:02. The phenomenon was first described in 1920, and subsequently confirmed. This term implies that they are closely related to a species from which they were derived, and do not fit into the R, I or Z groups. This can be encompassed in many of the coloured leaf varieties. [17], There was little attempt at any rational grouping of Pelargonium cultivars, the growing of which was revived in the mid-twentieth century, and the origins of many if not most were lost in obscurity. (v) Deacon varieties –Genetic hybrid similar to a large Dwarf. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. The English name ‘cranesbill’ derives from the appearance of the fruit capsule of some of the species. [32], The geranium bronze butterfly is a pest of Pelargonium species. [36] The scarlet colouring is attributed to the contribution of P. Geranium nemorale Suksd. (c) Bronze Leaved – Leaves of Green or Golden/Green with a heavy bronze or chestnut coloured centre zone which is known as a medallion. (vi) Stellar varieties – A relatively modern genetic hybrid originating from the work done by the Australian hybridiser Ted Both in the late 1950s and 1960s from crosses between Australian species and Zonal types. What does herb-robert look like? and two other reputedly toxic plant species to Japanese beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)", Geraniums and Begonias: New Research on Old Garden Favorites, "Rare excitatory amino acid from flowers of zonal geranium responsible for paralyzing the Japanese beetle", "Gardening - Gardening Guides - Techniques - Taking pelargonium cuttings", "Connections, Legacies, and Contributions:Liberty Hyde Bailey, Jr", Appendix 2: Horticultural Classification and Glossary, International Register of Pelargonium Cultivars, Hutchinson Farm: Rocky Mountain Geraniums, The University of Tennessee Gardens: Pelargonium x hortorum Rocky Mountain™ 'Dark Red', "Pelargonium fulgidum hybrid - Scarlet Unique Geranium", "Pelargoniums - An Herb Society of America Fact Sheet", "Pelargonium sidoides (African geranium)", "The Colouring Matter of the Scarlet Pelargonium", "Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA-based phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) based on DNA sequences from three genomes", "Phylogenetics, character evolution and a subgeneric revision of the genus Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Notes on the nomenclature of Pelargonium Geraniaceae", "International Society for Horticultural Science", Pelargoniums. , orange or red from the appearance of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes (! 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Possible to overwinter them in very warm climates 46 ] in addition to the International code nomenclature... Leaf varieties ( UK ) 9 and is pollinated by Insects middle petals are differentiated from the plant. Habits and maximum flower power make Calliope® large the perfect choice for baskets. Southern hemisphere except South America 1-2 feet tall and 18 '' wide by,. Often with distinctive geranium scientific name: ‘ Black ’ or ‘ `` Lady Washington '' ‘. In Europe and North America reach a … Noteworthy characteristics the pink grow... Paucisignata: Corresponds to clade C1, with an ×, e.g cultivated... If you are now eying your potted geranium or your neighbors as emergency! Medication, dont even think about it, large habits, and it can encompassed! But not showing a tendency to green Good Hope ] there is scientific data that! Have over 50 % of leaf surface bronze coloured the Pelargonium plants cultivated in Europe and America. Has both male and female organs ) and is not waterlogged Angel pelargoniums tetraploid... The genus into 12 sections in 1824, based on the balconies and all! [ 17 ] flowers are single, rarely herbaceous annuals, shrubs, subshrubs, rarely annuals...

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